Know Your Stuff Before Contacting Poodle Breeders

Before you contact and/or visit the poodle breeders you have found and are interested in, you need to be aware of the following –

Know what variety of poodle you want

Poodles come in three sizes:

  • Toy Poodle – These are the smallest size and are ideal for people who live in apartments and do not have small children.
  • Miniature Poodle – These poodles are slightly larger than the toy and not as fragile, making them acceptable for apartments and compatible with children.
  • Standard Poodle – These poodles would be happier in a house with a yard, and require plenty of exercise. They are good with children.

Although these are the three types of poodles, some poodle breeders will claim to breed what is known as a “Tiny Toy” or “Teacup” poodle. Essentially this is a poodle that has been bred so small it is less than 4 pounds when fully grown. Although it may sound cute to own a pocket dog, take into consideration how fragile and unhealthy these dogs would be. Avoid purchasing any type of poodle that is not recognized by kennel clubs.

Know the breed standard

Even if you don’t plan on showing your poodle, it is imperative that you know what the dog’s appearance, temperament, and life expectancy is. Research as much as you can about the poodle by reading books, articles, magazines, websites, and first hand experiences of poodle owners. You need to know what to look for in a poodle, as well as both the good and bad side when it comes to owning one.

Once you have fully researched the dog, you can then make a list of questions you can ask poodle breeders. You will also be able to compare the sire and dam to the breed standard.

Investigate health problems

Poodles are prone to a number of genetic disorders including:

  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy – An eye disease that can lead to blindness.
  • Juvenile Renal Disease – Serious kidney disease that can occur in standard poodles. The disease usually results in death.
  • Von Willerbrand’s disease – Blood disorder characterized by lack of, or poor blood clot formation.
  • Addison’s Disease – Secretion deficiency of mineralcorticoids and glucocorticoids from the adrenal cortex.
  • Sebaceous Adenitis – Skin disorder that occurs mainly in standard poodles
  • Epilepsy – Chronic seizures.
  • Hip Dysplasia – Malformed hip joint that can easily slip out of the socket
  • Hypothyroidism – Endocrine disorder that affects the thyroid gland and causes abnormal functioning of organs and body tissues resulting in a sluggish, overweight dog.
  • Bloat – Severe and sudden swelling of the stomach caused by gas and/or fluid. Bloat is a medical emergency and often results in death.

It is imperative that you know all about these illnesses so you can ask the poodle breeders about the genetics of the dogs they have bred. Furthermore, you can find out if the breeders have certified their dogs with the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFFA). This is an organization that works to eliminate genetic disease such as hip and elbow dysplasia.

The more you know about the poodle before contacting the breeder, the better chance you have of finding reputable poodle breeders and a healthy poodle to call your own.

Poodles At A Glance

Poodles are prized for their dynamic, clever and friendly manner. They are recognized as one of the most intelligent breeds and are eager to learn and please their master. They enjoy the company of humans and can adapt to virtually any environment as long as they are with the people they love.

The most defining feature of the poodle breed is their incredibly curly mop of hair that covers their entire body, making them appear incredibly puffy when not trimmed.

Poodles are available in three different sizes – standard, miniature and toy. Each type is very popular and makes wonderful, loveable, active family pets.

Poodles and Their History

Poodles have existed in Western Europe since at least the 17 th century. Although there is much controversy over where the breed originated, France has finally been declared the official country of origin. However, despite the fact that France is said to have developed the breed, it is clear that the breed has roots in Denmark, Germany and ancient Piedmont.

It is believed that the poodle breed was developed from the Barbet the French water dog, and the Hungarian water hound. It is likely that the name “Poodle” was derived from “Pudel” a German word which roughly translates to one who plays in water.

Poodles were originally bread as hunting dogs to track scents and retrieve waterfowl. In fact it is because of hunting that they were given their distinctive coat cut. The hunters clipped the thick coat of the poodle to help them be more agile and so that they could swim better. However, they left tufts of hair around the leg joints to protect them from sharp reeds and the cold.

Since its development, the poodle breed has been celebrated for its intelligence and trainability. The French capitalized on these characteristics and often had the poodle perform as a circus dog. Due to the fact that poodles were so popular in France, the breed is commonly known as “French Poodles”. That being said, it is interesting to note that in France the poodle is actually known as “Caniche” a word that translates to duckdog.

Although the original poodle breed is the larger standard poodle, the miniature and toy poodle came into existence in the 18 th century and were just as popular. The toy poodle was especially popular in the French royal court in the 1700s.

Today, poodles of all sizes are still loved and enjoyed by many families. They have not lost their charm and are still recognized as one of the most intelligent of dog breeds currently in existence.


Poodles – Standard, Miniature or Toy

Standard poodles were originally bread as hunters and are part of the Gun Dog, Utility and Non-Sporting groups. The miniature or toy poodle is more of a lap dog and is part of the Gun Dog and Toy groups.

The poodle is a natural born swimmer, loves long walks, enjoys running, and vigorous play time. That being said, all poodles are rather inactive indoors and can adapt well to virtually any environment, including apartment life (especially the toy and miniature), if provided with sufficient exercise and the freedom to run around off leash on occasion. Just remember that the standard poodle will require more exercise than the smaller poodle varieties.

The height and weight of the three poodle varieties are as follows:

Standard Poodle – Height 15 inches or taller, weight is 45 – 70 pounds

Miniature Poodle – Height 11-15 inches, weight 15 – 17 pounds

Toy Poodle – Height no taller than 10 inches, weight 6-9 pounds.

Note: The Tea Cup poodle variety (those smaller than the Toy) does not exist, even though Toy poodles are sometimes referred to as Tea Cup poodles.

Poodles are a long lived breed and live anywhere from 12 – 15+ years. Although they have a decent life expectancy, poodles are prone to a number of hereditary health problems including progressive retinal atrophy, cataracts, hip dysplasia, allergies, skin problems, bloat and Von Willebrand’s Disease. In addition, it’s not uncommon for the brown-colored poodle variety to gray prematurely.

As was previously mentioned, poodles are very intelligent and are highly trainable. However, like all dogs they require a certain level of obedience training to develop into a credit to their breed. Furthermore, keep in mind that their clever nature also makes them quite mischievous.

Poodles are very friendly dogs and enjoy human companionship; however, they can be very protective and standoffish towards strangers if not socialized at a young age. Moreover, poodles make excellent watchdogs and standards can also be trained as guard dogs if desired.

A poodle tends to get along well with other dogs, but is not usually compatible with cats and rodents. In addition, although the poodle breed is tolerant of children, it is imperative that a child knows how to properly interact with a poodle to avoid any mishaps, as poodles do not take kindly to being teased or treated poorly.

Poodles are an excellent choice for those who have allergies to dog fur as they shed little to no hair. That being said, their coat requires daily grooming (brushing) and extensive grooming (bathing, clipping and ear care) is required every 1 ½ – 2 months. The teeth of the poodle also require scaling regularly. The coat of the poodle is available in a variety of different solid colors including white, black, gray, brown, tan and red. There are even multicolor coat varieties.

Poodles make ideal family pets and will never leave you feeling lonely. They are faithful companions, and are happiest when they are with their owners. They do not like to be alone. Therefore, think long and hard about adopting this breed if you have a busy life that will not include the dog most of the time.

Breed Standards For Poodle Puppies

Poodle puppies are adorable and feisty, and are covered from head to toe in curly hair. However, there is more to selecting a puppy than choosing the cutest, cuddly, and fluffiest one. The following is what you need to keep in mind when you go on your poodle puppy hunt.

There are two important aspects you need to consider when selecting a pup:

  • Appearance
  • Temperament

Appearance – you need to carefully analyze the puppy’s overall appearance. A poodle pup should have a relatively long head and muzzle. The skull is slightly round and features a minor stop. They have a well-defined chin, a perfect scissor bite, and their head should be proportioned to the rest of their body.

Poodle puppies should have wide ears that fold down and hang close to the head. Their eyes are almond shaped and vary in color based on their coat coloring; however, they are usually a dark shade. The eyes convey an intelligent and bright expression.

Poodles have relatively wide and deep chest bodies. Their ribs are round and well sprung, and the loins are muscular and broad. Their short back is strong and the tail may be either docked or undocked. The docked tail is quite high and is carried at an angle, not over the back. The undocked tail is also high and should be carried as straight as possible and away from the body.

The legs of poodle puppies are muscular and strong. The front legs are straight and the back legs feature bent stifles. Neither the front nor the back legs should turn out or in. The legs taper into tight, small feet that are oval shaped and should be straight. The pads of the paws should be thick and hard and the toes well arched.

Make sure you watch the puppy walk before you make your selection. Although the pup will be slightly awkward due to his/her size, they should be free in their movements and have plenty of drive. In addition, poodle puppies should have a proud look and an air of elegance about them.

The coat of the poodle puppy should be made up of thick curly hair that is of a dense, harsh texture. Poodle puppies come in a variety of solid coat colors including:

  • White/Cream – Dark brown eyes and black features (I.E. nose, eye rims, lips, and toenails
  • Brown – Dark amber eyes and dark liver colored features
  • Apricot/Red – Dark brown eyes and black features or dark amber eyes and liver colored features.
  • Black/Silver/Blue – Dark brown eyes and black features

Temperament – Poodle puppies should have a happy and friendly temperament. They should not be shy or aggressive, and be very playful and affectionate.

It is vital for you to keep all of this information in mind when looking at poodle puppies to ensure that the dog you are selecting is a healthy and ideal representation of their breed.

All About Standard Poodles

Standard poodles are a very old breed of dog that have been perfected for centuries to create the unique, energetic, and intelligent form that we have today. It is believed to have been around for at least 400 years, finding its roots in Western Europe.

Its actual origin location isn’t known for certain, but it is believed that the original breeding between a Barbet and an Hungarian Water Hound occurred somewhere in the region of Denmark, Germany, France, or Piedmont. Though all of these countries do have their own justified claims to the standard poodle origins, the official title has been given to France, to which the standard poodle is most heavily associated; some do call the standard poodle the “French Poodle”. Amusingly enough, though, the French don’t call it “poodle” at all, but refer to the breed as Caniche, which means “duck dog”.

Though officially French, the standard poodle’s name is believed to stemmed from the German word that means one who plays in water, pudel. This is because the first use for standard poodles was a gundog for hunting waterfowl in Germany and France. The coat was trimmed so that the legs were bare except for its joints so that they remained protected from both the cold air and water temperatures, as well as the plants and reeds that could be sharp as the dog ran or swam through them.

Since standard poodles also had great intelligence and trainability to go with their physical capabilities, the French made the breed extremely popular for jobs other than hunting. In fact, they were used for just about everything from scenting to entertainment as performers in the circuses!

The standard poodle is an elegant dog with a moderate build. It’s not a bulky dog, but it’s also not slim nor frail. It’s overall appearance should be well balanced and have a very dignified and satisfied air about it.

One of the most distinguishing features of the standard poodle is its coat. It has a very wooly; long, curly, and thick. It is considered to be a non-shedding dog. This means that like all dogs, they do go through seasonal hair loss and replacement, it is not at the substantial, constant rate as seen, for example, with golden retrievers. There are many different clips (styles) that poodles can wear, including the “English saddle”, and “continental”, which are the most widely used. Dogs younger than a year will usually wear the “puppy clip”.

Standard poodles make great pets as well as working dogs, as they are alert, active, intelligent, and very eager to please. In fact, they are widely considered to be among the most intelligent dog breeds. Because of this brightness, though, owners need to make certain that their dogs are always stimulated and entertained because they are easily bored, leading them to become quite imaginative in the ways that they will get into mischief.

Best of all for standard poodles as pets are great with families and visitors, as they adore people. They do remain, though, great watchdogs since they are so loyal to their family and want to ensure its security. They are also usually quite mellow dogs, making them great and manageable company. Keep in mind, however, that they do like lots of exercise because of their athletic nature, and if they don’t receive their exercise through playing and walking, they will find other ways to use their energy.

Overall, the standard poodle is a joy as a pet, a companion, and as a working dog. It is one of the most practical, intelligent, and appealing breeds, and lives up to its popularity wholly.

All About Toy Poodles

Like its larger cousins, the toy poodle – a version of the breed reaching only 10 inches – is an intelligent, elegant, and appealing dog, with a distinct wooly coat. The toy poodle is extremely attractive with its long, wide, flat ears that lay down close to its head, and its wide, happy, alert almond-shaped eyes. The breed maintains the webbed, arched toes, which are good for swimming, though the feet are quite small in relation to its body.

There are three primary grooming styles that are used for the toy poodle. The first is the “pet clip” also referred to as the “puppy clip”, which leaves the hair short throughout the body of the animal.

The second style is the “English saddle” clip, which clips the throat and face, as well as the feet and forelegs, and the base of the tail (not the end, where a puff shaped like a pompom is shaped). Puffs remain in the center of the shaved forelegs. The hind end of the English saddle clip allows for a short even coat except for two bands shaved into the hind legs and an area clipped from each flank. The feet should be clearly visible below the puffs on the legs. The rest of the body’s coat is left “naturally”, but it can be clipped into shapes for a balanced overall appearance.

The third style is the “Continental” clip, which shaves the entire rear half of the dog, leaving only thin fur bracelets around the dog’s hind ankles, and pompoms on its tail and even on its hips.

The gait of the toy poodle is light and springy to go with its buoyant personality. It is a very sensitive dog, and is startlingly intelligent. They are among the most trainable breeds, even though many owners of toy dogs don’t give as much attention to training as their larger sized counterparts. They are quite demanding for attention and play time, but they are delightful and happy overall.

Toy poodles can be quite reserved with strangers, so they should be socialized form an early age as much as is possible. This trait does, however, make them particularly good watch dogs, as they are always watching out for the ones they love, while they can be suspicious of every other person who approaches.

It is not uncommon for a toy poodle to be timid and rather high strung, so owners need to make an effort to teach then not to snap when they are startled or teased. A toy poodle is therefore a great dog for families with older children who understand how to be considerate of dogs, or simply no children at all.